The snake plant or Sansevieria trifasciata is succulent with tall leaves. Unlike many succulents, this tropical plant is not short and squat.
It comes in different colors. Several varieties have thick leaves with buttery yellow edges. Meanwhile, some others are having dark green stripes.
This variety is a favorite plant for interior design. Any style of decor looks great with these indoor succulents.
Just like all the succulents, the snake plant is quite hardy. Moreover, new gardeners would love to have this in their space.
- 1 The Origin of Snake Plant
- 2 The Genus of Snake Plant
- 3 Snake Plant Varieties
- 4 Taking Care for Snake Plants
- 5 Conclusion
The Origin of Snake Plant
Sansevieria Trifasciata is native to West Africa. It becomes an essential part of the African culture.
People in Nigeria believe that snake plants give them spiritual protection. They are even used in sacred rituals by Nigerians.
Moreover, this plant is associated with some African gods such as the God of war.
Besides, snake plants have also become an important part of Chinese history. According to them, this succulent brings good luck.
When you take care of this plant, you will get prosperity, long life, and other good virtues.
The Genus of Snake Plant
Obviously, this succulent is a type of Sansevieria. This genus has 70 different flowering plants.
They are all in the same group because of similar characteristics. They have upright leaves ad short, thick roots.
As said before, the scientific name of the snake plant is Sansevieria Trifasciata which comes from Latin.
When translated to English, that word means “marked with 3 bands”. It is due to the colored streaks on the leaves.
Besides, snake plants have other popular nicknames, such as the mother in law plant or mother-in-law’s tongue.
It is due to the sharp, pointed leaves. Indeed, it seems quite right.
Another nickname is viper’s bowstring hemp. It is because of the strong fibers that were used to make bowstrings back then.
Snake Plant Varieties
The snake plant is not only about the classic green-yellow leaves.
There are many different cultivars you can choose for your indoor decor or a small garden. Several types of snake plants are:
Black gold or the Viper’s Bowstring Hemp has the dark-green leaves that look like a sword.
Further, this cultivar grows up to 2.5 inches in width and 4 feet tall. The outline is yellow. If it gets enough sunlight every day, the plant will have a more bright yellow color.
For a shorter choice of snake plant, you can aim to have this Sansevieria plant. It grows about 24 inches in height.
You can see the grayish lines that strip on the green leaves. Unlike many other varieties, this sword-shaped leaf twists around each other.
It is the golden bird’s nest of snake plants. This dwarf variety will not grow taller than expected. Also, this plant forms low rosettes. The gray-green leaves come in an oval shape.
Additionally, the dark green crossbands have a yellow outline.
The best thing about golden Hahnii is the yellow-green flowers that bloom in the early fall or late summer.
It looks like the immature version of the Black Gold variety. This snake plant will grow about 24 inches in height.
The leaves go upright and they will spread in a rosette.
This variety will go about 12 inches wide. Futura Superba mottles with dark green. It handles brighter sun better than many others.
This variety will grow the leaves in two parallel rows. The maximum width will be up to 2.5 inches and the height will go up to 5 feet.
It has dark-green leaves and a rounded form. When it gets mature enough, the rhizomes will be put off.
The rhizomes will get the plant to form a clump.
Small grayish-white snake plant flower with the purple tip will come out in the early fall or late summer.
This is one of the larger species of spider plants. Kirkii grows in a rosette. It can go up to 2-feet across.
You can see the wavy-edge leaves that go up to 6 feet high. The coppery-bronze color is also pretty unique.
While growing Sansevieria Kirkii, you should give it more sunlight. So, the leaves can be more colorful.
In addition, the sun will make it grow faster.
Ceylon Bowstring Hemp
This snake plant produces leaves upright that go 2.5 feet tall and 1 inch in width.
Just like the previous bowstring hemp variety, this one has sword-shaped leaves. There are some white spots on them.
Apparently, There are some dark-green bands on each leaf. To avoid having a yellow outline, do not place Ceylon snake plant under the bright sunlight.
It is an albino cultivar. This unique snake plant variety has almost pure silver leaves.
The appearance and color are so different from many others. It really creates a beautiful contrast in your garden.
Put it side by side with other cultivars, you can see what we are talking about.
Taking Care for Snake Plants
If you want to grow snake plants healthy and properly, there are several things you have to know about.
The Best Soil
It is important to get the right soil to plant your snake plants. Well, this succulent is very sensitive to water.
It is also prone to root rot. So, you have to plant it in well-drained soil.
You can buy some soil product for succulents because it has got sand that supports good drainage.
Besides, prepare your DIY soil special for succulents. Check for the recipes on the internet, it will be an easy peasy.
You just have to mix several ingredients that are easy to get.
However, if you do not have time for a DIY project, even though it is an easy one, you can just buy the commercial soil.
Check out the Bonsai Jack product called soil mix. It is perfect for succulents.
No need to add any other things anymore. The root rot will not be the problem since it has the right ingredient to fight.
Snake Plants are not like other succulents. They like to be a little squished in containers or pots.
Repotting the plants is not necessary until it is needed. You can consider repotting them every three or six years.
However, when you see the obvious overgrowth signs. Repotting becomes necessary.
Although, that does not mean you cannot change the containers for your snake plant. Repot it anytime to get fancy.
Repotting is not hard at all. There are a few things you need to know.
Snake plants prefer to be root bound. So, it is necessary to prepare a new pot with only a few centimeters larger than the previous one.
Before repotting, fill the new container with a third of the succulent soil from the old pot.
Then, pop the snake plant on the pot and do it gently. After successfully getting the plant out, you can begin to put it in the new pot.
Position it properly and make sure the location is two inches below the rim of the container. Wait for a few days, you can begin to water it after that.
How to Water
Speaking of watering, snake plants do need water. You can pour it onto the soil by moving through the pot’s drainage hole.
Importantly, ensure that the plant does not sit in any water.
Therefore, if you have the pot with a saucer, lift this container twice a day. Hence, the excess water will drain.
When you touch the soil and the texture is dry, it is time to water the plant again.
The Light Requirements
This succulent would love to have indirect sunlight but it is also pretty adaptable. The area with full sun and low light will not be a big problem.
The indirect sunlight will only make them thrive even more. So, it does not mean that snake plants can die under full sunlight all day.
As a suggestion, place the plant near an east-facing window.
They will grow healthy and happy. Why is that? That kind of window position will give them direct sun during the morning time.
These cultivars need indirect sunlight for the rest of the day. How about planting snake plants outdoors?
Well, the best place for them is in the shade. Even though the succulents can handle full sun, it is not a good thing to try.
There will be a risk of sun damage and other issues. Thus, snake Plants do look gorgeous in a sunny spot.
If you want, just place it under the full sun outdoors. Keep your eyes close to your snake plants and make sure to always water them enough.
Additionally, when it starts to burn, get the shade cloth ready.
Above all, knowing how to grow and take care of a snake plant, you will be ready to plant it just about anywhere you want in your house.